Click on colored polygons to view racially restrictive covenants in the Hartford area in the 1940s. Real estate developers wrote restrictions into property deeds that prohibited occupants ÔÇťother than the Caucasian race." The U.S. Supreme Court approved these restrictions in the 1926 Corrigan v. Buckley ruling, but later declared them unenforceable in the 1948 Shelley v. Kraemer decision. Yet these restrictions still exist in official property records. To date, researchers have found these covenants in West Hartford and Manchester, Connecticut. If you know of similar restrictions, by race or religion, anywhere in Connecticut, contact the author. Property deed research by Katie Campbell (West Hartford) and see essay by David K. Ware on Manchester. Map by Ilya Ilyankou and Jack Dougherty, based on an earlier version created with UConn MAGIC. See historical sources and code on GitHub. Learn more at